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Alabama’s Top 5 Industries

  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Technology
  • Forestry
  • Aeronautics

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Alabama State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Alabama, one of the East South Central states of the US. It is bordered by Tennessee, Georgia, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi. Origin of the name Alabama is thought to come from a combination of two Choctaw words; Alba and Amo. In Choctaw, “Alba” means vegetation, herbs, plants and “Amo” means gatherer or picker.

Population4,779,736 (2010)
87.6 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010): Birmingham, 212,237; Montgomery, 205,764; Mobile, 195,111; Huntsville, 180,105; Tuscaloosa, 90,468; Hoover, 81,619; Dothan, 65,496; Decatur, 55,683; Auburn, 53,380; Madison, 42,938
Bordering StatesNorth: Tennessee
East: Georgia (Chattahoochee River forms much of the Eastern boundary)
South: Florida and the Gulf of Mexico
Coastline: 53 mi.
Major Industriesagriculture (cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans, poultry, and livestock), hydroelectric power, mining (coal, limestone, iron ore), steel-making
Major RiversTombigbee River, Alabama River, Tennessee River, Chattahoochee River
Major LakesGuntersville Lake, Wilson Lake, Martin Lake, West Point Lake, Lewis Smith Lake

Located in the “Heart of Dixie,” Alabama was once the historical land of Indians, the Spanish, the French and the English. It modern history includes a significant presence in the iron and steel industries, as well as being one of the leaders of the US Space Age – as a cutting-edge center for space vehicle research. Alabama’s rich resources made the state attractive to new industry. Tuscaloosa is known for electronics manufacturing, and Birmingham is home to cutting-edge biomedical research and engineering, and to telecommunications firms. New car manufacturing industries continued to come to the state. In 1989, the manufacturing sector of the state’s economy employed 24 percent of Alabama’s total workforce.

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

County SeatCreated
Autauga County43,671596Prattville1818
Baldwin County140,4151,596Bay Minette1809
Barbour County29,038885Clayton1832
Bibb County20,826622Centreville1818
Blount County51,024646Oneonta1818
Bullock County11,714625Union Springs1866
Butler County21,399777Greenville1819
Calhoun County112,249608Anniston1858
Chambers County36,583597LaFayette1832
Cherokee County23,988553Centre1836
Chilton County39,593694Clanton1868
Choctaw County15,922914Butler1847
Clarke County27,8671,238Grove Hill1812
Clay County14,254605Ashland1866
Cleburne County14,123560Heflin1866
Coffee County43,615679Elba1841
Colbert County54,984595Tuscumbia1867
Conecuh County14,089851Evergreen1818
Coosa County12,202652Rockford1832
Covington County37,6311,035Andalusia1821
Crenshaw County13,665610Luverne1866
Cullman County77,483738Cullman1877
Dale County49,129561Ozark1824
Dallas County46,365981Selma1818
DeKalb County64,452778Fort Payne1836
Elmore County65,874622Wetumpka1866
Escambia County38,440948Brewton1868
Etowah County103,459535Gadsden1866
Fayette County18,495628Fayette1824
Franklin County31,223636Russellville1818
Geneva County25,764576Geneva1868
Greene County9,974646Eutaw1819
Hale County17,185644Greensboro1867
Henry County16,310562Abbeville1819
Houston County88,787580Dothan1903
Jackson County53,9261,079Scottsboro1819
Jefferson County662,0471,113Birmingham1819
Lamar County15,904605Vernon1867
Lauderdale County87,966670Florence1818
Lawrence County34,803693Moulton1818
Lee County115,092609Opelika1866
Limestone County65,676568Athens1818
Lowndes County13,473718Hayneville1830
Macon County24,105611Tuskegee1832
Madison County276,700805Huntsville1808
Marengo County22,539977Linden1818
Marion County31,214742Hamilton1818
Marshall County82,231567Guntersville1836
Mobile County399,8431,233Mobile1812
Monroe County24,3241,026Monroeville1815
Montgomery County223,510790Montgomery1816
Morgan County111,064582Decatur1818
Perry County11,861720Marion1819
Pickens County20,949882Carrollton1820
Pike County29,605671Troy1821
Randolph County22,380581Wedowee1832
Russell County49,756641Phenix City1832
Shelby County143,293795Columbiana1818
St. Clair County64,742634Ashville1818
Sumter County14,798905Livingston1832
Talladega County80,321740Talladega1832
Tallapoosa County41,475718Dadeville1832
Tuscaloosa County164,8751,325Tuscaloosa1818
Walker County70,713794Jasper1823
Washington County18,0971,081Chatom1800
Wilcox County13,183889Camden1819
Winston County24,843614Double Springs1858